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Child Dentisty

Your Child’s Dental Care

Child Image

Oral health or the dental health is very important to have health body and health lifestyle. The early years of life from birth to age five can be called the foundation of the dental health of a person. Children are bo rn free of dental disease, yet by adulthood, 95% of the population has active gum disease and most people have experienced some tooth decay and even tooth loss. Our dental care clinic believes that disease can be prevented with adapting healthy oral habits and precautions. Our dental care centre aims to provide the best dental care available to secure your child’s dental health. Healthy baby teeth are important for eating, smiling, talking and keeping a place for adult teeth. Healthy dental habits help avoid tooth decay and promote good general health.

What are baby teeth?(Deciduous, primary and milk teeth.)

Throughout the course of one’s life each of us will have two successive sets of teeth.
The first of these sets is typically referred to as thebaby teeth or milk teeth. Dental professionals use the term primary, or deciduous, dentition to refer to this same set of teeth.
The baby teeth begin to erupt (come in) at age six months or so. Then typically by age 12 all of a person’s baby teeth will have exfoliated (fallen out) and been sequentially replaced by the person’s second set of teeth, the permanent, or succedaneous, teeth.

How many baby teeth does a child have?

As a set, the baby teeth are composed of a total of 20 individual teeth. These teeth are divided equally between the upper and lower arches (jaws).
Each arch (top and bottom) will have 4 incisors (2 central and 2 lateral incisors) located at the center front of the mouth. Two cuspids (also termed canines or eyeteeth) lying just behind the incisors, one on each side. Furthest toward the rear of the mouth will be 4 molars (first and second molars), two on each side.

When do the baby teeth come in?

Baby teeth typically begin to erupt (as left and right pairs) at about six months of age. Usually by age 2 to 2 and a half years all of a child’s baby teeth will be in place. Of course the timing of the actual eruption of any one individual’s teeth will vary. Some children get their teeth early, others later. It is commonplace that these variances correlate with family histories, in the sense that the timing of tooth eruption for a child is similar to that experienced by their siblings or one of their parents.

Eruption of baby teeth.
Tooth type Lower arch Upper arch
Central incisors 6 1/2 months 7 1/2 months
Lateral incisors 7 months 8 months
First molars 12 to 16 months 12 to 16 months
Cuspids 16 to 20 months 16 to 20 months
Second molars 20 to 30 months 20 to 20 months

Why do baby teeth fall out?

Why do baby teeth fall out?

A child’s baby teeth will fall out (exfoliate) as their permanent successors come in. This is because the presence of an erupting permanent tooth underneath a baby tooth causes its root to resorb (dissolve away).
As a permanent tooth moves through the jawbone ever closer to the surface, the root of its corresponding baby tooth becomes shorter and shorter. Finally a point is reached where the root of the baby tooth is no longer substantial enough to keep the tooth anchored and the tooth is easily dislodged.

How to Brush Children’s Teeth to Have Healthy Teeth

Choose a Small Toothbrush With Soft Bristles

Small Toothbrush

With so many toothbrushes available for children, it can be confusing trying to decide which one is the best to have healthy teeth. The toothbrush that you decide to use for your child should be small enough to fit comfortably into your child’s mouth and should also have soft bristles.

Use a Small Amount of Toothpaste


It’s important not to use too much toothpaste. A pea size amount is fine because it doesn’t create too much foam to interfere with brushing.

Best Position for Brushing

Brush Position

It is the easiest to stand behind or beside your child with your arms around their neck. Hold the toothbrush in a position that’s comfortable for you.

Use a Timer

Brush Timer

My children’s pediatric dentist recommends brushing for 3 minutes. You can set a timer, or buy an inexpensive sand filled one. The one shown here is brightly colored and fun for my children to watch.

Brush the Back Teeth First

The first 2 minutes of brushing should be focused on the child’s upper and lower back teeth, where cavities usually develop first. Use short and circular motions, like you would with your own teeth, spending the most time on the chewing surfaces.

Rinse Thoroughly

Rinse Thoroughly

Be sure to teach your child how to rinse, by swishing water around in his / her mouth and spit. Swallowing too much toothpaste could result in a condition known as fluoritis which could cause white spots to form on the teeth.

Finish up Front

Finish the final minute of brushing by focusing on the upper and lower front teeth. Angle the toothbrush where it is comfortable and flexible. Remember to brush the sides facing the tongue as well as the sides facing the lips.



You should start flossing your child’s teeth when they touch each other. Back teeth will usually be the ones to touch each other first. You can use a piece of dental floss or a child’s dental flosser. Kneel in front of or to the side of your child. Floss in between all of the touching teeth, starting in the back and working your way to the front. Be sure to floss gently underneath the gumline.

Admire Your Child’s Teeth

Congratulate your child for doing such a great job and compliment them on their beautiful and shiny teeth! Praising your child could boost their self esteem and possibly get them interested in oral health.

Good eating habits promote healthy teeth

Eating healthy, nutritious food is good for teeth, gums and general health. This is especially important for your growing child.
Offer healthy snacks of fresh fruit, cheese, milk and home made food.
Water is the best drink for quenching your child’s thirst between meals.
Cut down on chocolate, sweets and drinks with sugar.
When your child does have chocolate or sweet or sticky food, brush their teeth.

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